Breast nodules are lumps or swelling in the breasts. They are deep lesions with a different texture from the surrounding tissue and with a variable diameter. In addition, this lesion does not present any modification throughout the menstrual cycle and usually generates asymmetry concerning the contralateral breast. Sometimes, the lumps can be painful and accompanied by some type of discharge from the nipple.
Breast Nodules and Breast Cancer
It is important to recognize the difference between healthy and unhealthy breast tissue. Many people associate breast lumps with breast cancer. However, studies have shown that they are benign in more than 80% of cases. Many of them can even be generated by hormonal changes resulting from the menstrual cycle or during lactation.
here are different types of breast lumps, including benign nodules and malignant nodules. Benign breast lumps are those that carry a low risk of developing breast cancer or are not indicative of the presence of the disease. However, malignant mammary nodules form from benign lesions that have become malignant, thus generating a carcinoma.
ASome factors cause breast nodules. Firstly, breast abscesses are common in young women who are pregnant or breastfeeding. This injury is the product of a bacterial infection and usually begins as mastitis. When it is not treated with antibiotics, a superinfection occurs and purulent fluid accumulates, thus giving rise to the abscess. Secondly, cysts are the most common cause of breast lumps in young people betweeAn 20 and 40 years old. They are accumulations of liquids contained in a capsule of soft consistency, mobile, variable size and that can become bilateral. Unlike breast abscesses, the fluid will not be infected, so there will be no inflammatory changes. The other cause is fibroadenoma which is a benign breast lump, forming when the mammary gland grows irregularly. There are 3 types of fibroadenomas which are simple, complex and giant.
Lumping the breast is not synonymous with cancer. Most likely it is a benign tumor that does not represent any risk to life. However, it is important to go to the doctor and perform all the corresponding tests to have an accurate diagnosis.