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3 Butterfly Pokédex


Butterflies are attractive flying insects with broad, scaly wings. They, like all insects, havesix jointed legs, three body segments, a pair of antennae (feelers), compound eyes, and anexoskeleton. The head, thorax (chest), and abdomen (tail end) make up the three segments of thebody. All over the world, butterflies can be found in a variety of habitats, including hot and coldclimates, dry and moist surroundings, sea level and high in the mountains. The majority of butterflyspecies, moreover, are found in tropical environments, particularly tropical rainforests.


The Monarch Butterfly is one of the most widely recognized butterfly species,appearing in nearly every book and museum. The scientist also gave it the name “Danaus plexippus,"which translates to "sleepy transformation" in Greek. Thespecies' ability to hibernate and metamorphize is evokedby the name. Monarch butterflies have wingspansranging from 7 to 10 centimeters. Their wings have adeep orange color with black borders and veins, as wellas white patches along the edges. The body of thebutterfly is black with white patterns. In contrast tofemale monarchs, male monarchs have two black dots inthe middle of their rear wings. Each adult butterfly has a lifespan of four to five weeks. Throughout North America, monarch butterflies can be found in areaswith suitable feeding and breeding habitat.


The Dead Leaf Butterfly (Kallima inachus) is one of the most captivating butterflies onthe planet. Its wings are extremely interchangeable and fanciful. Their forewings are brilliant orangeand brown, while the hindwings are vivid blue and brown. They act as camouflage by closing their wings to resemble a brown, dried leaf. They are brighter and more like the dry leaves prevalent in the region during the dry season, when they are less active. Then during the wet season, they become more subdued and acquire "eyespots" on their "leaf" side wings. This is particularly advantageous since it keeps predators like birds, ants, and wasps from preying on them. It thrives in tropical areas extending from India to Japan.


Queen Alexandra's Birdwing (Ornithopteraalexandrae) is the world's largest butterfly. In terms ofwingspan, the female reigns supreme, as its namesuggests. From tip to tip, their wingspan can exceed 11inches. Females are recognized visually by brown wingswith cream markings. Similarly, they have a cream bodywith a crimson fur tuft on the thorax. Males of the specieshave a vivid blue and green body that contrasts sharplywith the females. This is a common strategy used to divertpredators' attention away from females. Only the forestsof Papua New Guinea are home to this impressive specie.


Butterflies have a four-stage life cycle in which they go through completeMetamorphosis, or a significant transformation from one stage to the next. A butterfly's life cyclebegins with an egg, which is commonly laid on a leaf by the winged adults on the food plant that itslarvae, known as caterpillars, will feed on. As it matures, the caterpillar sheds its old skin, or molts. Itthen develops into a chrysalis, a hard exoskeleton that shields the developing butterfly beneath.When transformation is complete, the pupal skin cracks, allowing the adult insect to climb out andfly away after its wings have developed and dried. Some butterflies, particularly in the tropics, havemultiple generations every year, while others have a single generation, and a few in colder climatesmay even take several years to complete their life cycle.

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