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Analysis of the Behavior of Domestic Abusers

Ailin Yang

According to an article published by the World Health Organization in 2021, “In their lives, one-third of women (about 736 million) may experience physical or sexual abuse at the hands of an intimate partner or another person, a statistic that has stayed relatively stable over the past ten years.” (WHO, 2021) "Domestic violence exists in 30% of China's 270 million households, and 90% of perpetrators are men; for domestic violence that occurs between spouses, more than 85% of victims are women." All of these startling statistics are accurate, demonstrating how seriously it affects families and how urgently it needs to be addressed.

Generally speaking, we classify domestic violence into three main categories: mental violence, physical violence, and sexual violence. Domestic violence is usually caused by psychological, social, economic, political, and other related reasons. (Guerin & de Oliveira Ortolan, 2017) Of course, there are also cases where the domestic abuser is influenced by family factors. Below, I will analyze a few general influencing factors specifically.

Psychological factors:

Some domestic abusers will take it out on the family because they are hit at work or at other times when they are stressed, and this tends to be taken out on the weaker person. Because of their social standing, the domestic abuser does not dare to express his rage in the social system, so he transfers it to the object at a time and place he deems appropriate.

Family factors:

Some victims of domestic violence are unconsciously repeating the violence of their elders because they have learned the behavior of their fathers, which leads to the occurrence of such violence. There are also some because some victims will unconsciously stimulate each other's violent behavior after having a family, thus leading to a cycle of repeating the experience of the previous generation.

Social factors:

Males are typically the perpetrators of domestic violence. Therefore, these men believe they have "privileges" as a result of the influence of their social background and/or structure. Men have the right to manage a couple's finances in Western society, for instance, and they are also permitted to talk down to women. Other examples include the fact that jealousy is an acceptable behavior. (Fleming, 1997) This implies that patriarchy in society and male dominance are the root causes of domestic violence. (Guerin & de Oliveira Ortolan, 2017)

Of course, none of these factors can justify domestic violence by domestic abusers. So far, examining domestic abusers' behavior provides insight into the variables that lead to domestic violence, and this kind of research will raise awareness of this behavior and improve aid to victims.


Devastatingly pervasive: 1 in 3 women globally experience violence Younger women among those most at risk: WHO. (2021, March 9).

Guerin, B., & de Oliveira Ortolan, M. (2017). Analyzing Domestic Violence Behaviors in Their Contexts: Violence as a Continuation of Social Strategies by other Means. Behavior and Social Issues, 26(1), 5–26. Presbitero, M. (n.d.). A Behavioral Analysis of Intimate Partner Violence Victims A Behavioral Analysis of Intimate Partner Violence Victims.

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